Q1: How was Paul affected by the ever-present reality of Roman rule (foreigners who oppressed the Palestinians)? Remember that Paul was a Roman citizen as well as a Jew who was following a new sect called Christ followers, so it’s a bit complex.
Q2: How does Paul orient himself with respect to the philosophers of his day? Philosophers discussed origins, purpose and modes of behavior within human life. During the Hellenistic and Roman periods, are religion and philosophy two species of the same genus, or are they fundamentally different types of pursuits?